Mahaupadesh of Aadishri Arun, Part – 3
O human! Examine yourself, check your motives. Check whether you are tied up in the fist of your ego or whether your palms are spread in the acceptance of the divine. You should know that this body of yours is constructed out of the five elements. That means that whoever you are-rich, poor, intelligent, stupid, industrialist, worker, doctor, engineer or scientist or even if you are the prime minister or president of a country, your body is nothing but a permutation or combination of only five elements and your body is nothing beyond this. Since the person who is very intelligent is a construction of five elements and so is the sinner, so why are you so proud of what you are?
The fact is that the introduction of a man is not related to his body. The nature of a man, his behavior, and his actions, is what forms the character of a man. So understand how the behavior, character and action of a man are formed. Because if you change these three things, you change yourself… This is a better and more fruitful thing to do rather than trying to change your body. The body is but a combination of the material and conscious part of the creation of God. Different people have different behaviors. The reason is the three tendencies –Sattva, Rajas and Tamas.
Tamas relates to darkness, sleep, rest, sloth, inertia. If you live your life without being aware of what you are really doing and whether what you are doing is right or wrong, then you are living in the tamasic state. Another way to describe this state is that it is instinct driven… This is how animals are. They live only to satisfy their basic hungers.
On the other hand being in the Sattvic state means that you live in a state of enlightened knowledge. The person who understands true dharma is said to be in the state of Sattva. It is also the state of balance or rhythm with the rest of creation. A person in this state is in equilibrium and is therefore in balance.
In between these two extremes lies the state of being active and desirous. This state is called being Rajasic… A person in this state does have knowledge but that knowledge and the action this person undertakes, is tied down to the achievement of material desires. Such a person is action oriented and result oriented… And he achieves what he seeks and such achievement leads to the expansion of his ego. Such a person is obsessed with “I”, “Me”, “Myself”.
An average person is a combination of these three states in different proportions. This means that a certain person can have more Rajasic tendencies while another can have more Tamasic or Sattvic tendencies. This is what determines the way a person acts. This is how nature acts through the Jeevatma -through these tendencies-to create the entirety of creation.
O deluded souls, understand why and how you act. Your actions are nothing but these tendencies acting through you to create or destroy/ modify some aspect of this creation and these ego filled actions, tie you down to the cycle of birth and death.
The Geeta chapter 3 verse 5 says this very thing. The fact is that all karmas are done by the three gunaas or tendencies and the deluded soul simply takes ownership of those karmas and is thus trapped by the consequences of what it does. Chapter 3 verse 27 supports this statement.
Look at the actions of Duryodhana. Duryodhana knew what Dharma was and yet he would do things against dharma since he was bound by the desires of his ego. This shows that Duryodhana had a preponderance of Rajas and he lacked Sattva since he had no balance in his life. I.e. He would do anything to achieve what his ego wanted.
Look at the actions of Dushshasana. He was the one who without giving a thought, did what his brother commanded him to do. He was Tamasic in nature.
Look at Bhishma pitamah. Bhishma was full of Sattva but also had Tamas and he lacked rajas. So his entire life went in passive actions. That is why he became inactive when he should actually have taken charge and made sure that dharma was not violated… Bhishma even though competent and Sattvic in nature presided over the greatest adharmas that took place because of being tamasic.
Examine the life of Guru Drona… He was a combination of Sattva and rajas… Sattva could have led to Moksha but excess of rajas created attachment and prevented realization.
So before reading further, let us examine what a man truly is. Is he just a combination of the five elements, the five knowledge senses, the five sense organs and the three tendencies (gunaas), Prakrti, Purush, Mana, Ahankaar and Mahtatwa (mind, intellect & ego)?
He is much more, since the above are not enough to create a live being. A man needs energy to activate all of the above and this force is called the consciousness. The combination of the above mentioned 23 qualities along with consciousness creates the necessary conditions for a person to live but this is necessary but not sufficient. One thing is still missing.
What is that crucial thing?
Friends once this working model is ready, a fragment of God himself-His soul droplet, enters this working model and resides in it, just as a tenant comes to live in a building. Only then does the person become living.
For the soul to enter, it is necessary that the body has to be complete with the 24 aspects mentioned above and when that is complete, the soul enters.
Thus all embodied living things are a combination of two basic things.
- Prakriti(nature-both material and conscious) and
- Purush- or the live spirit of God-which we also call the soul.
It is only when the spirit of God enters the creation of God, does a person live and when the spirit leaves, the person dies and the entire material and conscious aspects of the body, which had been gathered around the spirit, they fall apart and are recycled again by nature to create another body for another soul to enter.
Thus the soul lives in the body like a man in a movie hall, and the soul experiences creation through the 24 aspected body just as a man experiences various things while sitting in a movie hall.
Please remember that the soul is not the body and it does not end when the body ends. The soul is eternal, unending, indestructible, untouched by any aspect of nature such as fire, water, air, earth or ether. The soul cannot be harmed by any weapons etc.
The soul may live in the body from time to time, but it does not die with the body. Geeta chapter 2 verse 22 states this above fact clearly and unequivocally.
Our eyes can see the material world but they cannot see the soul. Even the degrees of consciousness or unconsciousness can vary in a person. A person can live in an incomplete or deformed body. People can live without arms, legs and people can be revived even from a coma. But nobody can exist, if the soul has left. So the soul is the essential thing. And this soul is the witness, experience of all that we go through in life. That is essentially who you are… You are essentially the soul, who has taken on a certain body to enjoy a certain experience… That’s all…
Only when the person who examines who he really is and who realizes that he is not the 23 aspected body or the consciousness that makes the body move, such a person finally comes to realize his essential nature-the soul.
Most people’s understanding of who they are is restricted to believing that they are the body because the body provides them with various engrossing sensations and experiences. The deluded Jeevatma believes that it is the same as the body because the experiences that the body gives are very engrossing and experiential and feel very real. Pain is very real and so is pleasure. Such a deluded soul does not even try to find out the truth and its own true nature because it is so engrossed in experiencing this world.
Such a deluded soul acts to gain pleasure and avoid pain and it does everything with only its own gain in mind. Therefore such a soul that does everything for only its own indulgence, has to pay for what it does and this is how the deluded soul-the Jeevatma, goes from life to life either getting paid or paying for what it has done.
O human! Realize the eternal truth of what I am saying. Realize that you are not the body and its experiences. The body will die but your soul will exist forever. Your soul will simply take on another body-based on its beliefs and karmas and indulge in another experience.
Geeta chapter 2 verse 27 clearly states this…
So the question arises-how should a person lead his life? What is right action? Dharma as we call it?
The answer is simple. If you walk on the path where you see yourself as a soul and see others also as souls, such is the path of Dharma.
When a person sees this truth-that creation is God and God is creation, such a person can never be cruel or unkind to any aspect of creation.
Just as if a insects bits you, your entire body feels the impact not just the portion that is bitten, similarly when anything-man, animal, plant or even minerals, when they are injured, the entirety of creation feels the pain of it… So the man who realizes the unity of all things, such a person, will never cause unnecessary pain to anything else, since the entirety of creation is nothing but God manifested. The heart of such a man is full of compassion towards all the embodied souls of the world he sees around. This is the state of dharma because such a man will never be able to take an action for selfish interest if it is detrimental to anyone else. Till this kind of benevolent action is not fully established on earth, the nature of the era will be called Kaliyuga. But rest assured. These bad times are not endless. Evil and cruel times will be ended and dharma will be fully established soon.