Gita Saar_Chapter – 1
Gita Saar – The Bhagwat Gita is the song divine. It is the word of God, spoken to Arjun on the battlefield of Kurukshetra. It explains the meaning and purpose of life through the situations that Arjun faces on the battlefield. The Kauravas and Pandavas are two sets of cousin brothers who are fighting for the throne of Hastinapur. The succession lineage from their fathers in not clear and even though Yuddhisthir is the first born amongst all the cousins, Duryodhana, disputes this, since he is the eldest son of Dhritrashtra, who is the present king. The consensus is that Yuddhisthir is the rightful successor but through a series of betrayals and conspiracies, Duryodhana usurps the throne. The Pandavas are forced into a corner and they find no sympathy from the Kauravas even when they are ready to compromise. The situation comes to a head and war is imminent between the two clans.
The Bhagwat Gita opens with Sanjaya, granted with the boon of divine vision, describing the battlefield to the blind king Dhritrashtra. He describes the two armies arrayed against each other on the battlefield of Kurukshetra and the mighty warriors arrayed against each other. As the warriors prance around and blow their conches, Arjuna asks Lord Krishna to take the chariot to a vantage point from where he can observe the battlefield properly.
Lord Krishna, being the charioteer does so and for the first time Arjuna-the supreme archer, comes face-to-face with the armies of his cousin brothers. What he sees shocks him because he sees his own relatives arrayed against him. Not just his cousins –the Kauravas, but his grandfathers, great grand fathers, Gurus, friends, acquaintances and other relatives-who he has utmost reverence for, are getting ready to fight him. This shakes Arjuna’s belief in his own cause. After-all if his cause his just then why are his own relatives and friends standing against him? And the fact is that if he-Arjuna fights them, then to win, he would have to slaughter his own friends and relatives.
Arjuna wonders to himself that would such a victory be worth it? Would it not be better to simply leave the battlefield and abandon a worldly life? Would not even death be better than killing his own brethren? Arjun feels overwhelmed and faint hearted and asks Lord Krishna to guide him about what he should do. In the end of the chapter, Arjun collapses in his chariot and his bow-the mighty Gandiva slips from his hands…
In the brief we can say that Chapter one introduces the scene, the setting, the circumstances and the characters involved determining the reasons for the war. The setting is a battlefield. The circumstances is war. The main characters are the Supreme Lord Krishna and Arjuna, witnessed by eighteen achauhani soldiers led by their respective military commanders. Arjunas growing dejection is described due to the fear of losing friends, Gurus and relatives in the course of the impending war and the subsequent sins attached to such actions. This the reason this chapter is entitled: Lamenting the Consequence of War.