Gita Saar, Chapter – 16
Chapter 16 starts with Lord Krishna describing the qualities of those people who are progressing on the spiritual path and he also describes the qualities of those people who are demonic in nature and are heading in the opposite direction.
The list is useful because any seeker who may want to know what level he is at and which direction is he heading, he can do so by reading this list and co-relating it with his own situation.
God describes the qualities of the spiritual seeker as below:-
Fearlessness, purity of heart, single focus on God through meditation,charity of a Satvika nature, control of the senses (self-restraint), worship of God and all other deities and ones elders, performing the fire sacrifice, performing sacred duties, studying one’s own scriptures (Vedas), austerity and simplicity; non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness, absence of anger, renunciation, peacefulness, aversion to fault-finding, compassion to all living beings, and living without greed; gentleness, modesty, and steady determination, arduous, forgiveness, steadfast, purity, absence of hatred, absence of pride (humility) – these belong to one who is endowed with the divine nature.
Next, God describes the devilish qualities – “O Parth, the qualities of those who possess a demoniac nature are hypocrisy, arrogance, conceit, anger, harshness,and ignorance.”
These are the two broad type of persons in the world. The first one heads towards liberation the second one leads deeper and deeper into Sansaar.
God then describes men of predominantly demonic nature. He calls them fundamentally deluded because they have no idea what is right activity nor what is wrong activity. For them this world is all there is and that the act of sex is the be- all and the end-all. For such indulgent, men everything is born in lust (casual sexual desire) and they are strangers to true love.
For such persons, the pursuit of endless desires is a goal in itself since according to them, everything is born through indulgence of desire in any case. For such persons, self indulgence is also very important since they think that they are the center of the universe and the world has been created only for their pleasure. For them sensuous pleasure is the highest goal to be achieved and they indulge in it till their dying day. In fact they want more and more indulgences even as their bodies get old and unable to bear the load of sensuous indulgences that their minds constantly crave. Since such people will do anything to indulge in their selfish desires, they get constantly mired in more and more relationships and karmic debts and they get more and more deeply trapped in Sansaar. Such people also believe that it is they who are responsible for their achievements and their ego increases with every passing day.
Desire, anger and greed are their calling cards and its indulgence gets these kind of people lower and lower and into further and further depths of hell. They constantly take birth in demonic wombs and sink to the bottom of hell with this attitude.
Lord Krishna gives a simple advice to all those who want to want to take the path to liberation but don’t know how to get out of the entanglement of Sansaar.
He says “Avoid the triple gates to hell- Lust Anger and Greed.”
He advises that when a person does this, that persons downfall stops.
At the end of chapter 16, Lord Krishna advices the spiritual seeker to take the help and guidance of the spiritual texts when he is confused about what is right and wrong action. That is a sure shot way of preventing mistakes.