Gita-Saar Chapter 8

Gita-saar

Chapter 8

(Ishwar Putra Arun)

Gita-saar

 

Gita-Saar/Chapter 8

In Gita-Saar, chapter 8 of the Gita, Lord Krishna talks about the indestructible Brahm and this chapter focuses on the intricacies of Brahma Yoga. Lord Krishna has also explains that the time of death of an individual, is a time of great spiritual opportunity and He advises Arjuna on how to take full advantage of this time instead of taking this as a time of great sorrow. Lord says to Arjuna that the person who is thinking of God at the time of his death, that person’s soul is sure to reach God’s soul. The reason is that all materials-which are transitory in nature, that make up this universe are all based in the being of God, who is himself eternal. Those people who desire material objects will end up in the cycle of birth & death chasing those objects but if a soul desires the divine, then that noble soul would end up at the root cause of all creation and thus escape the cycle of birth and death.

Lord Krishna states that He is the source point of all journeys and the first seed of all creation, Lord Krishna states that He is the wisdom of the wise; and the effulgence of the effulgent souls. That He, is the source of the strength of the attachment-free strong person and He is the basis of the righteous desire that creates the world.

He explains that the significance of the time of death is that, at that time, all pretensions of the dying person that he has gathered in his life are stripped away and what are left are that person’s truthful desires. And at the moment of death, the concentration of these desires is so strong that it determines the path that the soul will take after death into his next birth. There is a famous Hindi saying – “Jo mati, So gati” which means that what the heart desires, so is the direction of travel”

Many people think that they can lead a worldly, indulgent life and yet switch to God remembrance in their old age or at the time of death. But it is not easy to do this. The habits of a lifetime cannot be overwritten in a short period, when the body is fading away. Only if we spend most of our life in the remembrance of God, through the practice of Yoga and meditation and by leading a pious life, only then can we hope to stay in remembrance of God, at the time of death. Such a worthy soul-who can do this- will make God speed towards God.

Lord Krishna advises Arjuna that He-Arjuna should focus his mind and heart completely on God, while carrying out his duty on the battlefield. This would ensure that he-Arjuna, would reach the final goal.

Arjuna asked the Lord the following questions -What is Brahma? What is Spirit? What is Right Action? What is Adhibhuta (matter) – that makes the universe, what is Adhideva (divine consciousness) and what is Adhiyagya-the supreme spirit that resides in all? Arjuna also asks about how these entities are placed in our body. Arjuna also asked Lord Krishna to explain the actual process on how, at the time of death, does the noble soul experience God.

Lord Krishna replies that the eternal, indestructible state of God is called Brahma. The individual soul is called Adhyatma. The primal resolve of God to create is called Karma. In the body, the Lord resides as Adhiyagya. All the objects that are created in the material universe are Adhibhuta. And finally the first being is known as Adhideva.

The person who worships that supreme, self effulgent being (Adhideva)- who is the smallest of the small and the largest of the large and who nourishes all and who is the supreme state of Truth consciousness bliss, that person is assured of reaching and becoming one with that being.

Lord Krishna explained to Arjuna that the power and significance of the moment of death is amazing. It is a golden opportunity. It is a wormhole into another dimension and the person who remains in state of remembrance of God at that time, assuredly reaches God-head even if that person has made no efforts during his life in being in the remembrance of God.

Lord Krishna explains that the best way to practice remembrance is as follows:
“Stop paying attention to your senses and take your attention within to between the eyebrows and pronounce the word ‘AUM’.” The person who is able to do focus his attention on the formless aspect of God, such a person is transported to the right path that reaches the final destination. The syllable ‘AUM’ is itself that sound that transports the devotee to the final destination-the abode of God.

It must also be remembered that all the people who travel up to BrahmaLoka have not escaped the cycle of birth and death because Brahm Loka is not above the level of dissolution at the time of the great night of Brahma. But those people who take the right path to God-as enumerated above, that person escapes the cycle of birth and death.

Lord Krishna explains that at the time of death, there are two paths that are available to the soul. One is the path of light and one is the path of darkness. The first one is the path that leads to God and the other is the path that leads to the souls of the forefathers. The one who takes the path of God does not return while the one who takes the path to the forefathers (the path of darkness) has to come back.

The person, who is able to understand this secret and this distinction, is the one who is able to walk the right path and reach the final destination. The person who understands this distinction, that person does not need to practice and obtain the boons that are obtained by the pursuance of the Vedas, sacrifices, donations and penances.

Gita | Gita Saar – Chapter-7

Gita Saar

 Chapter 7

(Ishwar Putra Arun)

gita

Gita Saar | Chapter-7

In chapter 7 of the Gita, Lord Krishna gives glimpses of the nature of the supreme father.  He also speaks of the Lord in First person, thereby clearly saying that he is the avatar of the supreme father. He starts  by   saying that that  the   devotee   who focusing his   mind  and stilling his heart, stays in the Lord’s-remembrance till a point that he can think   of   nothing   else,   such   a   person   finds   Him   with   ease   and   such   a  person is never reborn into this sorrow- filled world. Lord Krishna further says that the fact is that most people are not aware of the possibility of knowing the Lord; nor do they seek the Lord and they continue to struggle in life after life running after temporary objects.   Lord Krishna  says   further in chapter 7  that –  one among thousands   is interested   in   knowing   the   One   true   Lord,   and   out   of   a   group   of   the thousands who are interested in knowing Him, only one or two actually come to know Him till the fundamentals. Lord Krishna further says that I, the Lord of the universe, know everything-the past; the present and the future but only those who are filled with devotion for me can know Me in my true nature. Lord Krishna continues by saying that even as He comes face-to-face with the men of the world, they are unable to recognize Him since He comes wrapped   in   His  self-created  Yoga-Maya.  Lord  Krishna   further  says   that People see Him but they think of Him as an ordinary person-of flesh and blood and fated to die like everyone else around them. They are simply blind to the person who stands before them. Lord  Krishna   further said   to  Arjuna  that  since he – Arjuna,  was a   sincere seeker and completely devoted to Him (Lord Krishna), therefore He – Lord Krishna, would reveal to Arjuna, the divine knowledge that has the power to liberate the sincere devotee.   Lord Krishna said that he would reveal that knowledge to Arjuna even though Arjuna lacked the divine vision that was   necessary   to   gain   such   knowledge.   The   fact   was   that   Arjuna’s devotion   to   Lord   Krishna   overcame  that   handicap   and   qualified   him   to receive this divine and secret knowledge. This knowledge is considered so potent that after hearing it, nothing else remains   to   be   heard.   This   knowledge   is   the   most   fundamental   of knowledge. It is scientific and logically robust and does not require the listener   to   suspend   reason   while   listening   to   it.   This   fundamental knowledge  is   the  king of  all knowledge; it is  the   most secretive of  all secret knowledge; it is the most holy and pious of all knowledge; it is the best knowledge of all since it liberates; this knowledge is capable of giving quick results; it is as per Dharma; it is easy to practice and eternal and indestructible in nature.

Then after that in the Gita, Lord Krishna gave this supreme knowledge to Arjuna. Lord Krishna further explained to Arjuna about how creation was brought about by God and how the universe was brought into existence. Lord Krishna explained   that He, himself   is  the cause  of  creation of the universe and also the cause of the destruction of the universe. Lord Krishna said that All of the physical universe(s) have been created out of a combination of two parts of his (God’s) own nature. The two parts are-Higher energy and lower energy.   And these two energies have been extracted from the body and mind of the supreme Lord. The lower nature provides   the   physical   existence   of   the universe   and   the   higher   nature provides the consciousness that creates movement in the physical parts. Just as an electric toy consists of a physical structure and a  battery to provide the energy to run the toy, the two natures created from God’s own being, create the physical universe and all the laws of nature that keep the universe in operation. Once these are created, the Lord-who is the super-soul, Himself comes into the universe, in the form of the individual souls that inhabit each pore of the universe and make the universe come alive.  This is like switching the switch of the toy on so that the toy starts moving. It should be remembered that the toy, even though having the capability to  move, can only do  so when someone switches  it on. That someone, who switches on the body, whether of an individual or of the universe, is the soul. Thus the soul is that potent droplet of God’s soul, that has the power of God-to give life. When the soul leaves, the body drops lifeless. Lord Krishna explained that the person who comes to know of this secret knowledge and realizes it in his own life, is the person who finds liberation. Lord Krishna further said that there are four kinds of devotees.

  1. The first type of devotee is the one who worships God because he wants some worldly gain or benefit.
  2. The second type of devotee is the one who worships the Lord so that he may avoid some difficulty or tragedy in his life.
  3. The third type is one who is curious about the world and he wants to know about the creator. He wants to know God and the nature of God.
  4. The final type of devotee is the one who is knowledgeable about God and who seeks God with single minded devotion. He has no selfish motives in being   a   devotee.   The   only   reason   he   seeks   God   is because he loves God and realizes that God is the only reality and that everything in the universe is made out of God stuff only.  Lord Krishna further said that this fourth kind of devotee is the one who is intensely dear to Him. The person who loves God unselfishly-without any

motive and is single minded focused on Him is the one who is intensely loved back by God. Lord Krishna said in simple language – He Loves me and I love him. Lord Krishna explained the secret of liberation further.   He said that the people   who   worship   other   gods   and   demigods   are   the   ones   who   are seekers of worldly pleasures and/ or particular goals.   These people are only running after objects that have been created by their minds and in their essence they do not seek liberation. These people are only after their self – imagined objects of pleasure, fame and/ or acclaim and with this aim, these people do great prayers, sacrifices and penances. (Ravana being a good example of such a person)Lord Krishna clarifies that the person who seeks boons from any particular god   and   does   so   with   devotion   and   sincerity,   to   that   person,   He – Lord Krishna, rewards  by  giving  him  further  concentration  on  that  particular god. That person also gets what he seeks after due prayer from the god he seeks it from.  But the fact is that it is He-Lord Krishna, who provides that devotee with the object he seeks, through the god he seeks it from. Lord Krishna continued and said that it was good to receive the things a devotee wanted from his favorite god, but the problem was that all those objects that were demanded and prayed for, were things that were not of long   lasting   value.   All of them had a shelf life and were   fated  to end sooner or later. Unfortunately this is not known to these types of devotees who   have   a   limited   ambition   and   a   limited   brain   and   who   set   their happiness on the yardsticks that are temporary in nature. True happiness can never be the outcome of such false and erroneous attachment. Lord Krishna then said the following-“Those who worship the gods go to the   gods;   those   who   worship   their   forefathers   go   to   their   forefathers, those who worship the spirits go the spirits and those who worship me come to me and find liberation.”  Lord  Krishna  ends the 7th  chapter  by saying that the people  who don’t worship  the one  true   father, are  the ones   who  have been  seduced   by Maya through their desire to indulge in the world.  Such people are ready to do anything-even lowly acts, so that they may reach the objects of their desire. Such people have no conception about the real nature of God and nor do they seek him.

Gita Saar, Chapter 6

Gita Saar

Chapter 6

(Ishwar Putra Arun)

 

gitasaar6

Gita Saar – Chapter 6

Lord Krishna continues on the theme of the yoga of action in chapter 6.

He further says that all beings are engaged in constant action. No-one can avoid action and remain alive. The only difference between Karma yoga-the yoga of action and ordinary worldly action is that in the case of the ordinary action, the being is tied to the action he does by his attachment and desire while those who do the required action while remaining in spirit with the supreme Father, they are the ones who are in state of Karma yoga. Such people are called karma yogis.

Lord Krishna further tells Arjuna that one should try to know that blessed state that is away from the sorrow filled world and that state is called Yoga which can be described as union with the divine. The mind of man is a potent force. It is strong, wayward and restless and it is determined to do as it pleases. In a nutshell, it is a fair statement that it is difficult to tame the mind. For those people, whose mind is not in their control, the attempt to do Yoga is a failure. For such people the advice is that to succeed in Yoga, they need to tame their mind first.

The person, who wants to actualize Yoga in his life, must live a life of balance. He must eat and drink in moderation, he must take actions as per dharma and he must sleep and wake up at the yogic prescribed times. By living like this, the person attempting to succeed in yoga will make quick progress.

A day has 24 hours which should be divided into various activities as follows.
2 hours are to be spent in eating and doing exercises for health.
8 hours are to be spent on doing work as per one’s profession
6 hours are to be spent in sleeping
8 hours are to be spent in prayer, meditation and recitation of the Lord’s name.
If this kind of routine is followed, then one’s journey towards the culmination of Yoga will happen quickly.

Lord Krishna further says in (gita saar) chapter 6 that the journey to liberation may look long and forbidding and a seeker may doubt his ability to complete the journey in their lifetime. But such people, Lord Krishna assures, need not fear failure since all sincere attempts made by man in their search for liberation, are never wasted. Those persons are specially protected in this life and even in the next. Even that person, whose yogic journey is not complete before he leaves his body, or who has for some reason has lost his way at the end of life, that noble person gets the benefit of the work he has done. He is given birth in a pious and wealthy family after he has spent time in the higher regions of heaven. On being born again, he is easily given back all the knowledge and insights he had gained in his earlier life. He doesn’t have to work too hard to gain that previously gained knowledge. The result is that such a person gets a head start and he quickly makes progress on the path to liberation in his new life and soon reaches his destination.

Gita Saar, Chapter – 5

Gita Saar

Chapter – 5

(Ishwar Putra Arun)

Gita Saar

Gita Saar – In chapter 5 Lord Krishna go deeper into the concept of Gyaan Yog and Karma yoga and He re-emphasizes to Arjuna that Karma yoga is better than Gyaan yoga because it is easier to practice and achieve. Lord Krishna says this after seeing Arjuna’s mental condition on the battlefield.

On hearing this, Arjuna mentioned his confusion to Lord Krishna. The cause of the confusion was that since both-karma yoga and Gyaan yoga were equally effective for reaching the final goal of liberation, then why was Lord Krishna advising to follow the path of Karma yoga and not that of Gyaan yoga? Arjuna believed that since the yoga of knowledge was a valid path, it would be easier to follow since in that path, unpleasant and painful actions could be avoided. Arjun confessed to Lord Krishna that the difference between the two paths was too subtle for him to understand. Arjuna further requested Lord Krishna to guide him about which path he would be truly beneficial for him since he himself was unable to differentiate between the two.

Lord Krishna replied that the path of knowledge does not imply that no action need be taken. It only meant that the action that was to be carried out should be as per ones righteous duty-as per Dharma, and that it should be attachment/ desire free. Without doing action, the path of knowledge could not be actualized. Without taking action, the doer-ship that needs to be renounced, while acting through the mind, body and senses cannot be renounced. The person, who takes action while meditating on the reality of God, is the one to achieve realization the fastest. The fact was that the pool of desires that engulfed Arjuna could not be resolved and sublimated without Arjuna taking appropriate action and that is why Lord Krishna suggested to Arjuna that the path of Karma yoga was the most suited for Arjuna. The real reason why Arjun wanted to take the path of knowledge and not of action was because he was looking for an escape from having to battle and kill his own kith and kin.

This is the problem that confronts most of us in our daily lives. Things we do and have to do cause us both grief and happiness. Most actions we take are double edged. The only way out is that if we act, not out of our selfish interest or our attachments but through Dharma. Then we are like representatives of God and we will never commit false, sinful or dishonest actions.
Arjuna’s problem was that his mind was not stable on any one course of action. He desired the worldly pleasures that he would get if he won the war but he was also fearful of the consequences of killing his own brethren, something that he would have to do, if he was to win the war. Thus Arjuna was conflicted.

Lord Krishna could easily understand the state of mind of Arjun. He could make out that Arjuna was being swayed by attachment, desire and fear. This is why, to stabilize his mental condition, Lord Krishna gave Arjuna his own example. He revealed to Arjuna that He was the Lord of the three worlds and there was no need for Him to perform any duties since whatever He wanted was available to Him simply by wishing for it. Inspite of this Lord Krishna was constantly engaged in taking actions as per His duty.

Lord Krishna further explained that most people believe that their individuality-the sense of “I”, is their body, mind and their wisdom. This is not true. The “I” that we can all feel, is actually the soul that resides in the physical body and which uses the mind and wisdom attached to this body. “I’” is actually a part of the indestructible soul of God.

Arjuna interjected Lord Krishna to say that his confusion persisted. Arjuna further said that Lord Krishna had said two things. One-that act but renounce the fruits of the action and two-that do your duty with your whole heart focused on God. Arjun asked-Which was the better way?
Lord Krishna replied that both ways were equally good but the better / easier way was doing the action as a representative of God and doing it on God’s remembrance only. This is called action with devotion to the Lord.

Lord Krishna further said that both ways of action are only superficially different but their achievement-Inner joy; inner knowledge; inner blessings and inner peace-they are the same. The basic point to be addressed is the sense of doer-ship. The sense of doer-ship is the cause of suffering and not the acts that we do. Once the being realizes this crucial fact, he gets free from the action-reaction paradigm.

Lord Krishna re-iterated that the way towards liberation was the surrender of the fruit of action and/ or acting as a representative of God rather than of oneself. This is possible when there is no attachment or personal desire associated with the act that is done. When the man who does the act, not take ownership, then neither the good, neither the evil fruit of that action accrue to the individual. Instead such a man becomes a repository of God’s trust, a beloved of God who is endlessly and eternally blessed. That blessing includes being visited by God and being able to see him face-to-face and to forever reside in God’s love.

For the man who cannot do this- that is, not remove the sense of doer-ship from his actions, that man is fated to take the burden of the results and to pay those burdens and debts. Such a man is endlessly trapped in the cycle of birth and death. He is born again and again and he undergoes death after death, in various species. In effect, he is trapped in the cycle of birth and death.

The person who understands this secret-of life, living and death, and who implements this in his daily living, that person leads a truly happy life.

Lord Krishna further said that man should avoid the undue influence of the senses because they are the first step in creating false attachments, desires and angers. By controlling and ignoring the senses, one can start walking on the path of yoga. Such people-the ones who have controlled their sense and who know that God is the only truth worth knowing, such people achieve peace happiness and joy in their lives.

Gita Saar, Chapter – 4

Gita Saar

Chapter 4

(Ishwar Putra Arun)

Gita Saar - Chapter 4

Gita Saar – Chapter 4 of the Gita is the place from where Lord Krishna started to give Arjuna, divine knowledge. The divine knowledge relates to spiritual knowledge, knowledge of the nature of the soul, the soul’s relationship to God, the way to purify ones nature and to find one’s way to God. This knowledge can be gained and properly understood only by the person who can live a life that is free of attachment.

Lord Krishna further gave the following knowledge’s to Arjuna-The secret of re-incarnation; the path of karma yoga; the logic behind the Varna system of society; the nature of one’s duty and how to find out the true knowledge about anything. And last but not the least, Lord Krishna talked about the way to find eternal peace and joy.

Lord Krishna explained the yoga of karma in detail and gave knowledge on how to walk on the path of true karma yoga. This is the reason that Arjuna was finally able to come out of his mind induced confusion and fight the battle with a committed heart.

Lord Krishna clearly defined desire-free action as the only way to commit sacred action and that sacred action results in gaining the blessed vision of our father – God. This vision of the Lord is the only way for the individual soul to find eternal peace and joy. Unfortunately the average person does not know this or even desire this and as a result, most people are trapped in the cycle of birth and death by being born again and again in various species of animals.

That person who has committed all his actions to the feet of the divine by acting as an ambassador to the Lord and the one who has destroyed doubt from his mind, such a person can never be tied down to the cycle of birth and death by his own actions. Lord Krishna again extorts Arjuna to avoid being a person who debates fruitlessly and foolishly out of a sense of ego and doubt since such a person can never find peace and happiness in this life or even in the next.
To this statement Arjuna asks a counter question. He asks that since Lord Krishna is the fountain head of wisdom and also the fountain head of all desires and attachments, then why did he himself take birth in this world?

The Lord agreed that he had taken birth in this transitory world like any other living being, but it was not in the same manner or with the same compulsions as any other deluded soul. Most people take birth in this world due to their karmas in their previous lives but He Himself takes birth of his own accord and not due to the affects of any previous karmas (of which he has none) And also when the Lord takes birth, he does so out of his own power and by keeping Maya-nature-under his control. And the purpose of his birth is not to indulge in the world but to carry out specific tasks that are necessary such as appearing before certain people and carrying out certain actions for very specific purposes and intents.

The lord further said in the clearest words possible that He was always unborn, always undying and always unchanging and he was the Lord of all creatures. And he appeared in his own creation, by his own powers, keeping Maya-nature-firmly in his grip. And he did so whenever he observed that creation was about to wreck itself. The basic purpose was always to stabilize the world that was decaying into sin, chaos and anarchy and all right thinking people were in dire need of help. On such occasions, He, the Lord takes human form and comes down to the universe to set it back in balance.

To understand all this, the devotee must first become a disciple and only then can he gain the knowledge of this eternal truth.

After this Lord Krishna spoke to Arjuna about Yagya and the ritual of sacrifice.

The Lord explained to Arjuna that the man who does other worldly actions while doing Yagya apart from the scriptural indicated karmas, get tied down in the world. Therefore it is important for the seeking soul to abandon attachment based yagyas and do only desire free yagyas.

The Bhagwat Gita talks about 12 kinds of Yagyas-sacrifices. Through this man can get all the essential things that he may need in his life. But out of these 12 sacrifices, four are of major significance. 1. The sacrifice of material possessions; 2. Austerities related sacrifices 3. Yoga related sacrifices and 4. Sacrifices through the study of the sacred texts.
Out of these the 4th sacrifice-that of wisdom and through the study of the sacred texts is the most superior.

Lord Krishna further explained that not all people are qualified to preside over the ritual of sacrifices and the qualifications of a suitable person are as follows. 1. The one who has no attachment 2. The one who is not proud of his body and has no filial attachments and 3. The one whose attention is always focussed on the Lord of creation.

Lord Krishna then spoke at length about the relationship of the individual soul to God and advised Arjuna to find out this knowledge by going to meet the people who had this fundamental knowledge. He advised Arjuna that it was not easy to find such people and even when found they were loath to reveal this knowledge to the undeserving person. The seeker would have to suitably impress those people with his humbleness and desire to learn the true knowledge. Only when the seers are convinced of the sincerity of the devotee and that his questions are genuine and non pretentious, will they give answers and explanations to the questions of the devotee. Needless to say that the knowledge so gained opens the gateways of Godhead for the devotee.

Lord Krishna ended the fourth chapter by once again extorting Arjuna to end all his doubts and stand up and do his duty since that was the first step on the journey of self realization.