Gita Saar/Kalki Maha Avatar
Gita Saar – On seeing the Arjuna’s pathetic mental state, Lord Krishna realized that Arjun was feeling conflict in his heart about the upcoming battle, because of his attachment to worldly relationships and objects. Due to this attraction Arjun seemed to have lost the sense of right and wrong and was confused about his real duties.
On seeing his state, Lord Krishna advised Arjun to not be a prisoner of his attachments and not be emotionally weak. He advised him to realize his true duty and get ready to fight the righteous battle that faced him.
He further reminded Arjun that, duty was above everything and Arjun- being of the warrior caste, had a sacred duty to fight the battle that faced him. That, the most holy act that a warrior could do was to wage a righteous battle. Lord Krishna extorted Arjun by saying that a righteous battle was the open doorway to heaven for the warrior and only a few warriors were lucky enough to be granted that doorway.
He further said that, the warrior who shirked his duty to fight the righteous fight, would lose his dharma, his reputation, his fame and he would also be a partaker of sin. If Arjuna did not fight, his infamy would spread across the worlds and remain in people’s memory till the end of time. Lord Krishna further said that Infamy for the righteous person was worse than death.
Lord Krishna further warned Arjuna that by the act of shirking the battle, he would achieve nothing good. That those who now respected him and his prowess would be the ones who would think that him as a coward. Lord Krishna further said to Arjun that his enemies would openly call him a coward and call him insulting names and what could be a greater grief than that?
Lord Krishna further said that only two choices existed for Arjuna. One that he be martyred in battle and attain heaven and the other was to win the battle and experience the life of a king. Since these were the only two honorable choices, lord Krishna encouraged Arjuna to get up and get ready to fight the battle.
Lord further explained that victory or defeat; profit or loss; happiness or sorrow, they were all the same and without being influenced by these thoughts, the warrior must be ready to do battle as was his duty. That way, whatever the results of the battle, only good would result for the soul of the warrior and he would escape committing any sin.
On hearing these words of Lord Krishna, Arjuna told Lord Krishna that he was highly confused as to the nature of his duty. He also did not know what constituted cowardice and what constituted dharma and duty. Arjuna said that when he saw that his own kin were standing against him in the battlefield, he lost his will to fight.
How could he battle Bhishma-his great grandfather? And Drona- his own Guru? How could victory obtained by killing his own family be worth anything? Was it not better to take renunciation and live on alms? Arjuna further said that he was totally confused and demoralized since he saw no way out of his dilemma about whether he should fight or not fight his own family members. Arjuna then beseeched Lord Krishna to give him the true and best advice that if followed would result only in auspicious results. Arjun further said that he saw himself as a disciple of Lord Krishna and wanted his guidance to get himself out of his confusion.
All living creatures, while in the world, try to get knowledge about what interests them but in the Gita, the Lord does not talk about worldly knowledge. Instead he talks about the knowledge that enlightens the being about God, God’s kingdom and the soul. Lord Krishna talks about what is dharma-duty and how a person should live his life so that he is aligned to God’s wishes.
Lord Krishna explained to Arjuna that the person who is born is bound to die. That is the law of nature and Karma but in all these cycles of birth and death, the soul remains unborn and undying, pristine and unaffected by the whole cycle of birth and death. If that being the case, why should anyone fear death or feel sorrowful by the death of someone they know?
Lord Krishna further said that if the living being does not do his natural duty-as assigned by his place in life, then it can only result in ignominy and that is far worse than death. Lord Krishna again reminded Arjuna that for a warrior, the duty is righteous war and if the warrior shirks his duty for any reason, it results in shame and that is worse than death.
Lord Krishna explained that each person should through the experiences of his life, while trying to find the nature of Truth, the nature of the individual soul and try to do the natural actions that are his duty. Such a person, who does the above, finds that the acts of his karma that he has done as his natural duty, do not bind him to the cycle of birth and death. Lord Krishna further said that man should do his natural duties and not worry about the results of his actions since if the actions are sincere, something good will always come out of them. Doing actions with attachment for a particular result is wrong. One should only practice the Yoga of selfless action since that is the only path to liberation.
The person who practices the Yoga of selfless action and does so with wisdom, is not attached to the fruits of the action. He sacrifices the fruit of his action and is therefore free of the karma associated with the action. He finds liberation in the formless nature of God. Once this detached state is achieved, that man is free and never tied down to anything by attachment. Such a man becomes one with Brahma. A person who reaches this state even at the end of his life, such a man will reach the state of Brahmananda.