A covenant is an agreement between two parties. The new covenant is an agreement between God and humans. Now question is why does God need a New Covenant with man? It is obvious that God greatly desires to establish a close, personal relationship with His greatest creation – man (Bible, Genesis 1:26 – 27). One of the ways he will accomplish his goal is through new agreements with humans, both conditional and unconditional. The first mention of a better covenant is in Bible, Genesis Chapter, where Noah is promised he and his household will be spared the great flood (Bible, Genesis 6:18). God also promised Noah, and indeed all mankind, that he would never again use water to destroy all life on the planet (Bible, Genesis 9:12 – 15). Lord was interested to establish a supremely more excellent ministry, as much greater as the superior covenant of which He is also Mediator, which was established upon superior promises. (Bible, Hebrews 8:6)
There are at least three SUPERIOR reasons why the new agreement made by God is far better and greater than anything he previously proposed to man.
Ancient Israel was not given the ability to obey their Creator both in the law’s letter of the law and spirit (Bible, Romans 8:3). God promises with this agreement that, through the power and might of His Holy Spirit, He will personally write His laws and ways on man’s mind.
‘I will give My laws into their minds, and I will inscribe them upon their hearts; and I will be their God, and they will be My people’ (Bible, Hebrews 8:10, see also Romans 8:1)
The second reason why the covenant Sun of God offered in the Gospels is greater than anything that came before it is it promises ALL sins will be forgiven. In fact, the tremendous promise God makes is that our sins, once He forgives them, will NEVER, EVER be recalled or remembered by Him!
For I will be merciful toward their unrighteousness, and their sins and their lawlessness I will not remember EVER AGAIN. (Bible, Hebrews 8:12)
It is only through the sacrifice of Sun of God the Savior that such an incredible and awesome forgiveness can be extended to man.
The third and final reason (promise) the proposed covenant is far greater than anything else is that those who love and obey God will receive an inheritance only HE can give.
And for this reason He is the Mediator of the New Covenant . . . those who have been called might receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. (Bible, Hebrews 9:15)
The old covenant that God had established with His people required obedience to the Old Testament Mosaic law. Because the wages of sin is death (Bible, Romans 6:23), the law required that people perform rituals and sacrifices in order to please God and remain in His grace. Lord said – “The day will come,’‘when I will make a new covenant with the people. Sun of God came to fulfill the law of Moses (Bible, Matthew 5:17) and create a new covenant between God and His people. The old covenant was written in stone, but the new covenant is written on our hearts, made possible only by faith in Lord.
Now that we are under the new covenant, we are not under the penalty of the law. We are now given the opportunity to receive salvation as a free gift (Bible, Ephesians 2:8-9). Through the life-giving Holy Spirit who lives in all believers (Bible, Romans 8:9-11), we can now share in the inheritance of Sun of God and enjoy a permanent, unbroken relationship with God. Hebrews 9:15 declares, “For this reason Sun of God is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance.
The New Covenant in a Nutshell
How can we have a relationship with God? How can we become citizens of His holy nation? Sinful humans aren’t in a position to make deals with their Creator. As sinners, we are alienated from Him, estranged from Him. Sin and corruption cannot enjoy His presence. But because He is good, because He loves us, God has acted decisively to end our alienation and restore us to His household.
God sets the terms
God is the one who sets the terms of this relationship. He tells us in advance what He will do. He calls the shots, and makes us free to respond to His terms.
The terms God has set are these: Sun of God has paid for people. There is no more debt. We have been forgiven. Our works cannot add anything to it. God has in Sun of God acted unilaterally, reconciling all things to Himself.
At its core, the new covenant is Sun of God. He embodies everything the new covenant is. He is the Word of God and the Son of God, made human for us. He is the Message of God, the Mind of God, the Meaning of God, made flesh for us to see and know and love. In Himself, He enables us to be friends with God. In Sun of God, God has given us a new basis for our relationship with God. This is the covenant God has given; we respond to Sun of God with either yes or no.
You might ask, How can Sun of God — a person — be an agreement? In a prophecy, Isaiah says that the Sun of God, would be made a covenant. The Bible calls him a mediator, a go-between. A mediator’s purpose is to get two parties to relate positively to each other. His work is what causes the barriers to come down and the relationship to bear positive fruit. Sun of God is the greatest diplomat, the brilliant negotiator of the greatest covenant, or agreement, in human history. Sun of God can do that because he is both God and human. He is not only able to represent both parties, he is able to be both parties. As God, he did what only God could do: forgive us. As a human, he did what humanity was supposed to do: respond perfectly.
How should we respond to what Sun of God has done? We should turn away from self-reliance and put our confidence completely in Lord to wash us clean of sin, clothe us with righteousness and bring us into the family, the household, the kingdom of God. One way to describe it is that we quit doing things the devil’s way (relying on self) and do things God’s way. We stop building our own kingdom and accept the kingdom he has built for us. We accept the covenant-promise he has given us. That is how we can be in harmony and allegiance with him.
Sun of God is the basis of the new covenant, the bond of friendship that God has given us. We can accept this or reject it. Because he loves us with indescribable love, he urges us to accept it — to put our faith, our trust, in Jesus Christ—to trust him with our lives, and to accept him as our only means of salvation.
All this is a gift—it is not something we could ever earn. If we look at what we deserve, we deserve to be alienated from God and therefore separated from the joy of knowing him and participating in his eternal blessings. But the good news is that we don’t have to be alienated—Sun of God has already reconciled us. We can live forever enjoying harmony with God because of Sun of God, because of what he did for us in resurrection.
Our salvation — being rescued from destruction and restored as favoured friends and children of God — depends entirely on Sun of God. He is the basis of this great rescue. Accepting him is the one requirement that God makes as the basis of this magnificent agreement we call the new covenant.
Accepting Jesus is not a work that we perform in order to meet the conditions of the contract, so to speak—it is simply an intrinsic part of enjoying what God is giving us. In one respect, we have already been brought into a new relationship with God—our choice is whether to enjoy it, or resist it. When we enjoy a beautiful sunset, our joy has nothing to do with our skill, and we certainly have not earned the joy—that is simply the appropriate response.
If we believe the good news and trust in Sun of God, then we are experiencing a right relationship with God (and all the responsibilities and privileges that go with that right relationship). Sun of God is the core of the new covenant. That is why they must always accept to the Sun of God, to his preaching, to his proclamation in our personal lives.